What Are Cannabinoids?

Cannabis is a plant that has been used historically by humans for thousands of years. Cannabinoids are compounds in the cannabis plant that the human body reacts to.

Cannabinoids are found within the cannabis flower and they interact with receptors in the human body. The human body is equipped with a system of endocannabinoids, which are the neurotransmitters affected by cannabis. Different cannabinoids interact with these neurotransmitters in different ways.

There are over 140 different compounds (cannabinoids) found in the cannabis plant but the two primary compounds are THC and CBD.

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol)
THC is the compound that contributes with the psychoactive effects experienced and what produces a euphoric feeling. THC describes the potency of cannabis products. By law, cannabis products cannot contain more than 30% THC.

CBD (Cannabidiol)
CBD is the compound known for its non-intoxicating effects. CBD will react with your mind and body in various ways.

THC vs CBD

On a chemical level, THC and CBD are very similar. But they interact with the human body very differently.

THC bonds to receptors within the brain, creating a psychoactive effect.

CBD reacts with the body’s natural endocannabinoids system in order to release endocannabinoids into the body.

Cannabis plants will typically contain both cannabinoids, and the ratio will depend on the strain.

Sativa - Indica - Hybrid

Sativa
Sativa strains are commonly associated with giving you that euphoric feeling. Typically, Sativa strains often have lower doses of CBD and higher doses of THC.
Cannabis Sativa plants grow tall and thin with narrow leaves. Sativa plants are generally a lighter shade of green.

Indica
Indica strains are commonly known for their effects on the mind and body. Typically, Indica strains often have higher doses of CBD and lower doses of THC.
Cannabis Indica plants are short, bushy plants with wide leaves. Indica plants are generally a darker shade of green.

Hybrids
Hybrid Cannabis plants are a result of crossbreeding Indica and Sativa plant. This is done to produce new and unique Cannabis strains. They are often grown to achieve specific effects.
Hybrids are often created in order to increase the THC content in the Cannabis. They are also created with various THC/CBD levels in order to create either Sativa-dominant strains or Indica-dominant strains or Balanced strains.

Terpenes
Terpenes are natural oils found in the cannabis plant that produce unique tastes and smells. Terpenes in cannabis products have a wide variety of aromas and tastes.
Cannabis strains can produce common terpene profiles. Some terpene profiles are described as earthy, woodsy, herbal, spicy, diesel, cheesy, citrusy and sweet.
Each cannabis strain has its own scent, and these scents are derived from the type of terpenes present in the plant.
The most common terpenes found in cannabis plants are: Bisabolol, Caryophyllene, Linalool, Myrcene, Ocimene, Pinene, Terpinolene, Limonene, Humulene, Eucalyptol.

Consuming Cannabis

There are many types of cannabis available for recreational use. Dried flower, pre-rolls, capsules, oils, concentrates, topicals and edibles.

There are various ways that cannabis products can be consumed, it can be inhaled by burning it ( joints, pipes, bongs, etc... ), or vaporizing it. Some oils and edibles are injested by eating and/or drinking it. Topicals are applied to the skin.

The Effects of Cannabis
The consumption of cannabis will have varying effects with everyone. These effects can be very different from person to person. One person might experience certain effects with a specific strain, and another person might experience very different effects from the same strain.

The interaction between cannabis and the body's endocannabinoid system can produce a wide range of temporary effects on the mind and body. The effects vary from person to person and depend on many factors, including an individual’s physiology, the strain, how it’s consumed, how much is consumed and the amount of THC and CBD content.

Almost all effects from the consumption of cannabis are temporary. Effects can include stress relief, anxiety reduction, increased creativity and an increased appetite.

There could also be unpleasant effects when consuming cannabis.
Some examples of unpleasant effects are: an inability to concentrate, memory problems, anxiety, panic, paranoia, disorganized thoughts, dizziness, hallucinations, reduced reaction time and sleepiness.

The best way to minimize the unpleasant effects is to consume small amounts when you are not familiar with the effects of what you are consuming.